Florence was called the "Lady of the Lamp" for her nightly check-ups of the wounded in the hospital in Scutari, in a section of Istanbul now known as Üsküdar. In reality, she carried a paper concertina lamp, not an oil lamp depicted in the picture. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow gave her the enduring epithet in his poem Santa Filomena:
A Lady with a lamp shall stand.
In the great history of the land,
A noble type of good,
Illustrated London News 1855 | Public Domain | http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Nightingale-illustrated-london-news-feb-24-1855.jpg |